Skin lesions are areas of skin that look different from the surrounding area. They can be bumps or patches, and many issues can cause them.
According to the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, a skin lesion is an abnormal lump, bump, ulcer, sore, or colored area of the skin.
Types of Skin Lesions
Moles are oblong or circular patches of skin that are darker than their surroundings. Three major types of moles include:
- Congenital: A person born with this type of mole, which may be of any size or location on their body.
- Common: They usually appear above the waist in sun-exposed areas and are usually harmless.
- Atypical: Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that appears as atypical moles, which are usually larger than a quarter of an inch, not round, and have more than one color.
People with atypical moles should monitor them closely since they can turn into skin cancer. Speak with your doctor if you notice changes in their appearance or their feeling.
Psoriasis usually causes itchy or scaly patches of skin. Patches tend to develop on elbows, knees, or scalps, but they can appear anywhere on the body.
Researchers do not yet know what causes psoriasis. It is an autoimmune disease, which means it is caused by a problem with the immune system. There are several treatments available for psoriasis.
3. Actinic Keratosis:
Sun-damaged skin can develop actinic keratosis. It appears as flesh-colored, brown, pink, or red crusty bumps.
Those with actinic keratosis may develop skin cancer. As treatment options, doctors may recommend surgery, creams, or light therapy.
An allergic reaction can cause hives, a red, bumpy, itchy rash. They usually go away on their own.
Those who suspect a serious allergic reaction should call 102 or otherwise contact emergency services. Warning signs include:
- Trouble breathing
- swelling or tightness of the throat
- nausea, with or without vomiting
- abdominal pain
- a rapid heartbeat
Eczema is an itchy, red rash that is common. Eczema can affect anyone, anywhere.
Eczema is not contagious, according to experts. It is a chronic condition, which means that there can be many relapses, but medications and lifestyle changes can manage the symptoms.
According to the National Eczema Association, people with eczema should:
- Any action that seems to exacerbate the problem should be avoided
- Every day, bathe and moisturize
- They should take the medications their doctors have prescribed
Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and cysts are all acne manifestations. Although it can be harmless for some, it may lead to scarring or low self-esteem for others.
The pores in the skin become clogged with dead skin cells and the skin’s natural oil, known as sebum, which can lead to acne. Bacteria can also get into the clogged pores and inflame the lesions.
Over-the-counter (OTC) products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid may be effective for people with mild acne. Results usually happen after 4 to 8 weeks.
When acne is severe or OTC products do not work, a person should consult a doctor, such as a dermatologist.
When to see a doctor?
Here, are the some few points that will help you to know when to see a doctor:
- One should avoid using over the counter drugs, especially topical steroids, their misuse can exacerbate the problem and cause long term side effects and permanent damage to skin.
- For any skin problem acne, eczema, or psoriasis, a person should consult a doctor, who may prescribe a cream, lotion, or pill.
- Impetigo cannot be treated over-the-counter. If someone thinks they or their child have the infection, should consult certified dermatologist.
- Ringworm requires medical treatment. Anyone who suspects they have this should see a doctor, who can prescribe an antifungal medication.
- Anyone who notices new moles or changes in existing moles should consult a doctor, who can screen for skin cancer. It is the same for people with actinic keratosis.
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